單元二、常見文法練習名詞單複數的用法

Singular & Plural

中文裡對於名詞的數目比較不講究,單複數形式經常是一樣的。而且也沒有細分所謂可數或不可數的名詞。但是英文的名詞,可分成「沒有複數形態」與「有複數形態」。

1. 沒有複數形態的名詞

必須換一個字來計數

不可數 可數
vocabulary ←→ words
alphabet ←→ letters
slang ←→ words
staff ←→ members
crew ←→ members
advice ←→ suggestions
luggage ←→ bags
suitcases
scenery ←→ scenes
bread ←→ buns
rolls
pieces of toast
medicine ←→ pills
information ←→ facts
ideas
knowledge ←→ facts
ideas
personality
character
←→ characteristics
2. 有複數形態的名詞

(1)下列字雖然可以是複數形式,但是『意思改變』了。如:
personality(個性) personalities(多重人格)
character(人格)/td> characters (戲裡的角色)
family(家庭,亦指家人) families(好幾個不同的家庭)
water(水) waters(海、湖)
(2)有些不可數名詞,用複數形態時,可指『不同種類』。如:
meat meats
tea teas
food foods
milk milks
fruit fruits
fish fishes
experience experiences
【例句】
The students have learned many knowledges from their English teacher.*

The students have learned many things from their English teacher.

The English slangs are very interesting.*

The English slang is very interesting.

I can’t find all the informations I want in the book.*

I can’t find all the information I want in the book.

He has wonderful personalities.*

He has a wonderful personality.

John and his brother have totally different character.*

John and his brother have totally different characters.

注意

從上面的說明,我們可以清楚的了解英文名詞單複數的用法。英文名詞可分成「沒有複數形態」與「有複數形態」。
1.名詞「沒有複數形態」:分成『可數』與『不可數』。
2.名詞「有複數形態」:可能會表示「意思改變」或者指「不同種類」。

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